Effect of Mindfulness Meditation and Home-based Resistance Exercise on Weight Loss, Weight Loss Behaviors, and Psychosocial Correlates in Overweight Adults

Effect of Mindfulness Meditation and Home-based Resistance Exercise on Weight Loss, Weight Loss Behaviors, and Psychosocial Correlates in Overweight Adults

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Purpose. To examine the effect of mindfulness meditation and home-based resistance exercise when added to a standard behavioral intervention on weight loss, weight loss behaviors, and various psychosocial correlates in overweight adults across 6-months. Methods. Seventy-one subjects (BMI = 32.9+/-3.7 kg/m2; age = 45.1+/-8.3 years) participated in a 6-month weight loss intervention. Subjects were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: standard behavioral weight loss program (SBWL, n=24), SBWL plus resistance exercise (RT, n=23), or SBWL plus mindfulness training (MD, n=24). Participants were instructed to decrease energy intake to 1200--1500 kcal/d and dietary fat intake to 20--30% of total energy intake, increase physical activity to 300 min/wk, and attend weekly group meetings. Resistance training using resistance tubing and exercise balls was added to SBWL+RT. SBWL+MD consisted of mindfulness training using meditation, yoga, and mindful eating techniques. Body weight, process measures of weight loss (physical activity, energy intake, eating behavior inventory), and psychosocial correlates of weight loss (eating and physical activity self-efficacy, outcome expectations (benefits) and barriers to exercise, dietary restraint and disinhibition, and body image) were measured at 0, 3, and 6 months. Results. Weight significantly decreased in all groups at 6 months (p... radio advertisements, and other techniques approved by the Institutional Review Board at the University of Pittsburgh. Interested individuals were instructed to call the University of Pittsburgh Physical Activity and Weight Management Research ... by staff and graduate students at the University of Pittsburgh Physical Activity and Weight Management Research Center. ... physical activity, eating behaviors, and questionnaires to assess potential psychosocial correlates of weight loss.


Title:Effect of Mindfulness Meditation and Home-based Resistance Exercise on Weight Loss, Weight Loss Behaviors, and Psychosocial Correlates in Overweight Adults
Author: Kelliann Kathleen Davis
Publisher:ProQuest - 2008
ISBN-13:

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